A Jeanne Site
California State University, Dominguez Hills
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
Latest update: January 30, 2000
Curran or Takata.
Bales' work in the area of small group leadership is classic. He studied means of measuring leadership in face to face groups. A short summary of his findings is useful to this day. There are four separate categories of leadership:
Bales actually expanded this list with subcategories to about 12 measures. But these 4 give you an adequate idea of how he measured leadership. Note that leadership need not always entail positive comments or leading the group in a specific direction.
Fun Experiment: Keep a record of your own communication. How would what you say measure up as leadership? Note that the psychoanalytic and teaching perspectives would suggest that a pattern in communication can be brought to awareness and changed, if you so choose.