A Jeanne Site
California State University, Dominguez Hills
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
Latest update: September 24, 1999
Curran or Takata.
affirmative law - Law that is written to require that we do something. Most law in the U.S. is written as that which we must NOT do. One policy reason for this is the courts' unwillingness to order X to sing under X's contract to Y. What is the court going to do if X refuses to sing??? So the courts tend to order money damages to Y for the violation of his/her contract, and legislatures tend to write laws as what we must not do.
affirmative defense - A defense which the accused could raise in support of his/her innocence, such as an alibi. It is called affirmative because it requires positive action on the part of the defendant, who must proffer the alibi. If the defendant fails to proffer the alibit, or other defense, at the appropriate moment in the legal proceedings it is lost. The prosecution is under no obligation to bring up the defendant's alibi.
Good example from the Quintessential Dictionary, at p.126, by William Buckley, :
"There is even hypocrisy in his own muddled philosophy, as when in the nightclub sequence, he [Lenny Bruce] uses "nigger" and "wop" and "kike" affecting to defuse the words, when, in fact, he is DISINGENUOUSLY exploiting them."
("W.F. Buckley Jr.Execution Eve and Other Contemporary Ballads G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1975, p.405)
Good example from the Quintessential Dictionary, p. 136 by William Buckley:
"We were at a splendid restaurant, and Harry was at his best, putting on the act for which he is so famous, affecting an EGREGIOUS concern for the price of the lettuce, for the indignities of the service, and for the deficiencies of the Republic."
("W.F. Buckley Jr.Execution Eve and Other Contemporary Ballads G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1975, p. 466)
Good example from the Quintessential Dictionary, p. 307, by G.F. Will:
"The word elitism is of recent vintage; it does not appear in the American Heritage Dictionary published in 1969. It is a PEJORATIVE label for social philosophies opposed to the notion that rigorous egalitarianiam (sic) is a democratic imperative. And elitist is a label for people (like me) who believe that, frequently, egalitarianism is envy masquerading as philosophy."
("G.F. Will, "D is for Dodo," Newsweek, 2/9/76, p. 84")